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Booker T. Washington Booker T. Washington

Akron's Black History Timeline

1900-1919: The New Century

"I will permit no man to narrow and degrade my soul by making me hate him." ~ Booker T. Washington ~

1900 Census – black population at 525
August riot starts the century – City Hall dynamited – Columbia Hall set afire
 
Organizations:

  • Daughters of Jerusalem
  • Grand United Order of True Reformers, Supreme Fountain No. 1211
  • Loyal Legion of Labor
  • Colored Knights of Pythias, Odessa Lodge No. 9
  • Improved Benevolent Protective Order of the Elks of the World, Delta Lodge No. 149

Solving the "Negro Problem"

  • Many blacks coming from the South, were not adjusted to urban lifestyle and became involved in crimes
  • Booker T. Washington made appearance in Akron
  • Official records showed the Negro blotted out 55.5% of Negro illiteracy since gaining freedom
  • Negroes gained from education – not one graduate of Hampton or Tuskegee in jail
  • Rev. R. A. Jones – Only real solution through education


Black Professionals:

  • Attorneys: Dr. Ferdinand Simpson and his brother Atty. Harrington Simpson

 
Black Athletes:

  • "Doc" Baker – professional football player
  • Fritz Pollard – football player – only black head coach of 

1919

Top Requests
and Concerns


Mayor Don  Plusquellic

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